A root canal procedure is carried out when the pulp of a tooth gets infected or inflamed. The pulp of the tooth is the soft layer containing blood vessels and nerves which is under the hard enamel and dentin layers. The pulp starts at the crown and goes all the way to the tip of the root. While the pulp is important in developing teeth, it loses its function in fully developed teeth.
There are a number of reasons that can cause the pulp to get infected or inflamed, these include:
- Extensive tooth decay that has spread to the root and the pulp.
- Broken or cracked teeth which allow an infection to enter the pulp.
- Repeated dental procedures on a single tooth which can cause inflammation and irritation.
- Injury to a tooth caused by physical trauma.
If left untreated, infected and inflamed pulp can cause bone loss or the formation of a painful abscess. If you are looking for the most expert root canal Santa Ana & La Habra have to offer, come to Smooth Dental & Orthodontics and learn more about the procedure from our dental professionals.